Munich is growing, according to the latest population forecast with around 300,000 by the year of 2040. In order to be able to cope with this influx. 8,500 apartments will be completed annually according to strategies for long-term urban development including restructuring and densification of existing quarters. 15 international architect teams were invited to participate in prestigious and comprehensive competition, such as UNStudio from Amsterdam, West8 from Rotterdam, Benisch Architekten from Stuttgart and Tovatt Architects & Planners from Stockholm. The competition task was to create an independent (!) urban concept, characterized by integrity and outstanding spatial quality. Mix of uses, short distances, a diverse range of housing and differentiated public open spaces will provide space and meaning for nearly 5000 new inhabitants, supplemented by social infrastructure, a primary school with sports areas.
With a share of up to 50% of social (Genossenschaftliche) residential units, Eggarten is the largest cooperative housing project since the second World War in Munich. This represents not only a novelty in a private project development in Munich, but also ties in with the history of the former settlers’ cooperative in Eggarten. Due to the high cooperative share, the Eggarten project will provide affordable housing for broad income groups. The integration of non-commercial uses and the active involvement of the cooperatives, the Eggarten development should become an example project for new ways of urban living.
In the working process of our special mentioned proposal, all spatial and connecting opportunities were examined in the urban web, even those of little importance. The intention of a diagonal between north and south embodies such an example; social synergies of public spaces within Eggarten relate to the idea of an overarching spatial structure that seize deep into the adjacent neighbourhoods. Residents from the adjacent areas are invited, borders are dissolved, people and their ideas can find paths for movement and networking. Our goal was a delicate act of balance; an urban structure of independent identity, still contextual and open to unknown developments in the future. The possibility of a future train station has provided further emphasize to the diagonal, attracting areas and people at further distance to Eggarten and its provided social and commercial services.
The urban structure respects and emphasizes the existing landscape qualities, the wind directions and the ground water system. These factors are carefully integrated into the public spaces, forming a diverse urban fabric, rich in surprises, yet organized and manageable. The urban block-structure creates a city of short distances, at the same time allowing flexibility in terms of density and allowing for a whole range of different building typologies. These can be developed in a colourful mix without affecting the structural logic of the urban web – the robustness of the overall concept is the base from which a dynamic implementation can take place. The urban concept of differentiated block-structure allows for a varied and small-scale parcelling of entities, a variety of ownerships and tenure as well as flexibility of uses.